Cloud-based or Cloud-native

Cloud computing has given the internet a whole new depth in the age of communicating and sharing ideas. By overcoming the limits of a physical machine, computer services such as memory, servers, databases, applications, analytics, networking, and even AI may be delivered using online technologies stored in the virtual world.

The cloud is now at the heart of the most commonly used software. That isn’t to say that all apps are using the cloud in an identical manner. “Cloud-native” and “cloud-based” apps are two phrases that are sometimes misinterpreted. 

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What Are Cloud-Native Applications?

Cloud-native is a term that refers to a program born with and in the cloud. Cloud-native apps are built from the bottom up to operate on public cloud environments such as Azure or Google Cloud Platform. These cloud solutions improve accessibility and scalability, allowing developers to create innovative features more rapidly and simply. Container engines, continuous integration, and orchestrators are all part of the cloud-native architecture. At the end of the day, it’s all about how apps are built and distributed.

Cloud-native architecture is a change in mindset about how we build our apps and systems; we’re reducing services down into smaller and smaller chunks and repurposing services whenever possible. Because we’re operating our programs and infrastructure in another’s data center, we have to be prepared for failure at all times. We can deploy innovative, adaptable, robust cloud-native apps with this attitude.


  • With no chance of downtime, you can innovate quickly.
  • Scalability (both up and down).
  • Users are charged for what they use and need when operating the program.
  • Task automation, including allocation of resources based on policy

What Are Cloud-Based Applications?

Cloud-based apps, while comparable to cloud-native services, are not built with the very same attention to detail. Even though they leverage dynamic cloud architecture, they’re made to be using the cloud and cloud platforms but can’t take maximum advantage of the cloud.

Cloud-based infrastructure is a viable alternative for organizations with an existing application that they don’t intend to entirely rewrite for cloud services but yet want to benefit from the benefits of cloud technology, such as increased scalability and accessibility.

When a program is moved to a public cloud server, it becomes a cloud-based app.


  • Uses the cloud’s capabilities without having to rewrite the software.
  • Adaptable to market spikes. Allows for adaptability to the dynamic shifts in the overall demand of the market.
  • Infrastructure and contingency maintenance requirements are reduced.
  • The program is well-integrated. Thereby, this way the time and effort required on this front can be redirected towards other important aspects.
  • Any expenses associated with running the program apply to the entire stack.

Key Areas of Differences

Although they are easily confused, Cloud-based and cloud-native applications are fundamentally different. Understanding them as separate entities can be made easier by clearly defining the major areas where one differs from the other the most. The following seven areas are distinctively where the concepts of cloud-based and cloud-native applications diverge the most.


Cloud-based applications are built for availability, while cloud-native applications are built using microservice architecture to accommodate many failure scenarios. The impact of failure scenarios can be further reduced by taking additional measures like managing transient eros by defining component retry policies, utilizing request buffering and capacity buffering, utilizing automation, adopting dynamic resource addressing, and planning ahead for potential failures.  However, since cloud-native applications are transitory and short-lived, cloud-native security is inherently superior to that of cloud-based applications.


On-premise data centers run cloud-based apps. Cloud-native is maintained on the cloud, which means lower hosting expenses altogether. Furthermore, because of the microservices design, containers may be used to expand the proportion of microservices on the host.


A cloud-native application is rather versatile as compared to the alternative, and it is engineered to expand considerably quicker and also more easily. Furthermore, because Cloud-native is agnostic, you may quickly update individual aspects of the program without affecting the total program.

Tightly linked cloud-based apps, on the other hand, necessitate updates to the entire stack, resulting in outages.


Cloud-based software is far more expensive since they need ownership of the entire stack, as well as the purchase of extra hardware prior to the program deployment. On the other hand, Cloud-native software is less expensive because the only expenses are the cloud provider’s licensing and hosting fees.


A specialized cloud-centric app built from the ground up for the cloud will have results significantly better. Cloud-based apps do not perform as well as cloud-native programs. However, cloud-native apps surpass cloud-based in terms of robustness and reliability.


Due to the lack of a hardware/software setup, cloud-native apps are easier to develop. The fact that cloud-native applications don’t require software, or hardware also allows for lower costs in comparison to a cloud-based alternative. Furthermore, because it detracts from typical monolithic design and adopts microservice architecture, disruptions are infrequent. A cloud-based software, in comparison, loses the pace of innovation.

As a result, its design and implementation are slower and less flexible than cloud-native programs. Gear acquisition bogs down cloud-based app installation, which is exacerbated by disruptions attributable to hardware relocation or software setup.

User Interface

Clients will have the greatest experience with cloud-native since it enables you to provide flexible, immersive, multichannel, and hyper-personalized solutions. On a cloud-native app, users seldom experience any outage or disturbance. In addition, creators can answer client requests sooner with cloud-native than with cloud-based apps.


First and foremost, migrating to a cloud program will instantly lead to lower costs, increased scalability, availability, and efficiency, regardless of whatever method you pick, whether cloud-native or cloud-based.

However, there is no uniform answer to this issue because the most effective approach is dependent on the environment and ambitions of each firm. However, firms that value their information security above all else benefit most from cloud-native applications rather than the cloud-based alternative. Others on the other hand may find cloud-based applications more appropriate to their firm’s infrastructure.